Did you know that one out of five adults in Australia is diagnosed with mental illness each year? About 45% of Australians face mental illness at least once in their lifetime. The most common illnesses are depression, mood swings, anxiety, substance abuse, etc.
Now, if the categories are to be divided gender-wise, it has been shown that women tend to suffer more from certain mental illnesses. Various Australian mental health charity providers have addressed this issue.
Even the Australian Government Department of Health has been conducting many types of research. They have also come up with policies to deal with the situation.
Read on to understand the predominant causes behind mental illness in Australian women.
The Cause Behind the Effect.
Almost 43% of Australian women suffer from mental illnesses in their lifetime. That is almost 3.5 million women in the country. What’s worse, mental disorder accounts for most numbers of non-fatal illnesses among womenfolk. This could be cognitive, emotional, or psychological issues.
Study shows that women may suffer from certain mental illnesses more than the men in the country. The number of attempted suicides is also pretty high in the country, and most of the causalities are women.
Modern healthcare and lack of funding also make it challenging for Australian mental health charity providers and health professionals to efficiently tackle this issue. So, what reason lies behind most mental health problems among women in Australia?
The time of birth, genetics and the environment play significant roles in mental disorders among women. Heritability is another important cause. 64% of schizophrenia and 59% of bipolar disorder cases in Australian women are hereditary. Even hormones can play a significant role in this.
Mental illness is also mainly seen among pregnant women. Perinatal depression is real among women, as one in five mothers (about 111,000 mothers) suffer from it.
Women are more vulnerable to mental disorders due to individual psychological functioning. For instance, high school students tend to develop mental illnesses in their youth. This was witnessed in the second Australian Child and Adolescent Survey of Mental Health and Wellbeing.
Surprisingly, as they age, the possibility of mental illness can reduce. According to Women’s Health Australia, mental distress in older women was much less when compared to younger women.
Various psychological reasons, like stress, family dispute, and loneliness, are responsible for the younger generation’s mental vulnerability. This problem can continue as they age since depression is a recurring problem.
Social and Structural.
The social structure also plays an equally important role in the mental well-being of women. According to the Australian Psychological Society, both men and women have a mental illnesses, but in different ways. While men suffer more from antisocial disorders and substance abuse, women tend to suffer more from depression or anxiety.
Gender restrictions on the rights and opportunities hinder the progress of girls and women in the country. Issues like subordination and discrimination are also significant reasons for the mental downfall of the female population of Australia.
From working as part-time workers in low-paid sectors to facing sexual harassment, there are a lot of factors at play here. Women in Australia also tend to suffer from social conflict, and violence, especially in the poorer communities.
According to the Household, Income and Labour Dynamics in Australia Survey (HILDA) in 2009, a lower participation rate in the workforce was also one of the reasons. The situation is changing as the number of women in the workforce has risen to 62.1%.
Poor mental health in women is a real problem in Australia, and initiatives are being taken to solve the problem. With the government and Australian mental health charity and service providers working together, there is still hope for a change.
Understanding the reasons behind mental illnesses is the first step to solving the issue. From social expectations to poverty and even exposure to violence can damage the mental sanity of the female population. Apart from that, there are biological and psychological reasons involved. Only by addressing these reasons one at a time can the situation be reversed.